Root Canal- All you need to know

A “root canal” is not a treatment, but a part of your tooth. A root canal is a hollow section of your tooth that includes the blood vessels, nerve tissue and other cells, also known as dental pulp. The dental treatment is commonly known as a “root canal” is actually called endodontic therapy which means “inside the tooth."

Dr. Ganesh Vaiyapuri Created on 30th Dec, 20

Many people in Nungambakkam, Chennai are frightened of a root canal. They visit their dental hospital in Chennai asking about the pain related to the procedure Do you get frightened at the thought of a “root canal”? Does pain take over your mind? However, do you know what a “root canal” really is?

 

A “root canal” is not a treatment, but a part of your tooth. A root canal is a hollow section of your tooth that includes the blood vessels, nerve tissue, and other cells, also known as dental pulp.

 

Your tooth includes roots and crowns. A crown is above your gum, while the roots are below it. These roots keep your tooth fixed to the jawbone.

 

Within your crown and root is the pulp. The pulp nourishes your tooth and keeps the surrounding area hydrated. Some nerves are also present in your pulp which can sense your hot and cold temperatures as pain.

 

The dental treatment is commonly known as a “root canal” is actually called endodontic therapy which means “inside the tooth." However, people use “root canal” commonly to talk about the procedure. So, if you have tooth decay, it is important for you to consult a dentist in Nungambakkam.

 

However, people use “root canal” commonly to talk about the procedure.

 

Root Canal Treatment Procedure

root canal treatment

Your root canal treatment will happen in 3 steps. It takes about 1 to 3 sessions to complete.

 

Step: 1 Cleaning 

cleaning for a root canal procedure

 

Your dentist will remove everything within your root canal after giving you local anaesthesia. The dentist will make a small hole on the surface of the tooth to access and remove the dead pulp tissue with tiny tools.

 

Step: 2 Filling 

cement and filling

Your dentist will clean, shape, and decontaminates the hollow part, using irrigation solutions and tiny tools. After that, the tooth is filled with a rubber-like material and adhesive cement which closes your canals completely.

 

After the root canal procedure, your tooth is dead. You will no longer feel any pain or discomfort in the tooth. It is because 

the nerve tissue is removed, and your infection eliminated.

 

Step: 3 Adding a crown

adding a crown

 

However, your tooth is now more fragile than before. A tooth without a pulp receives its nourishment from the ligament that keeps the tooth attached to the bone. Even though this supply is enough, after some time, your tooth will become brittle, so 

a crown offers more protection.

 

Until a crown is added, you should not chew or bite on the tooth. You can use your tooth as before once your dentist adds the crown.

 

Root canal treatment usually takes 1 appointment. However, if you have, curved canals, multi-canals, or more infections, it may take 1 or 2 more appointments.

 

When should you opt for a Root Canal? 

Here are some situations in which you should consider going for a root canal:

  • Persistent pain while eating and drinking
  • Chipped or cracked tooth because of eating hard foods
  • Sensitivity to hot or cold drinks
  • Swelling in the gums due to inflammations under the surface
  • Dark discolouration of your tooth because of poor hygiene
  • Prolonged sensitivity because of damaged root
  • Deep decay at the base of your tooth also known as cavity
  •  

Complications in a Root Canal Procedure

Some complications may occur during your root canal treatment:

  • Sometimes the dentist can find only 3 root canals in a tooth which generally has 4. If one of the canals is left untreated, your infection continues and spreads inside the bone.
  • Your dentist has to ensure that the filling material goes deep into the canal for filling. If your root canal is not completely closed, the infection may return.
  • During your treatment procedure, the tooth’s root might crack, or the tools can break inside your canal. This makes it challenging to fill up the tooth appropriately.

 

If these complications happen, your doctor may try to correct the issue and finish the root canal treatment.

To avoid complications during your treatment, follow the dentist’s guidelines. If you are prescribed an antibiotic, you need to finish the entire prescription.

 

Have a permanent restoration attached, such as a crown, once the root canal therapy is done.

 

How to take Care of your Teeth?

To prevent tooth decay, infections, and gum disease, follow these tips:

  • Brush your teeth during bedtime and one other time every day
  • Use toothpaste that contains fluoride
  • Use the right toothbrush and keep replacing it regularly
  • Go for dental checkups and cleaning regularly
  • Use floss to clean between the teeth
  • Try to avoid sugary drinks or foods; follow a healthy diet.

 

Root canal treatment is not something to worry about. It may be painful for some days after treatment. However, it is worth getting root canal treatment instead of suffering from an infectious toothache. The infection also carries the risk of spreading to your other teeth.

 

So visit the best dental hospital in Chennai, and learn more about a root canal. Get rid of all your doubts before opting for the treatment.

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