How to Remove Plaque and Tartar

Tartar is also called calculus, and it is an accumulation of minerals and plaque from your saliva that becomes hard. Tartar can coat the exterior of your teeth and invade under your gum line. Tartar gives a feeling of a crusty blanket on teeth. Food and drinks can easily cause tartar.

Dr. Ganesh Vaiyapuri Created on 30th Dec, 20

An excellent method to take tartar off your teeth is to have some other person to do it. A dental clinic has the training and tools to take care of pesky plaque.


What is Tartar?

Tartar is also called calculus, and it is an accumulation of minerals and plaque from your saliva that becomes hard. Tartar can coat the exterior of your teeth and invade under your gum line.


Tartar gives a feeling of a crusty blanket on teeth. As it is porous, food and drink easily can stain tartar.

Tartar deposits, which usually settle behind and in the middle of your teeth, appear brown and yellow. Tartar and plaque can damage your dental health.


Tartar and plaque may:

  • Cause bad breath, due to the build-up of bacteria
  • Destroy enamel, hard outer layer of teeth, which can cause tooth sensitivity, cavities, and tooth loss as well.
  • Encourage gum disease


Stop Tartar by stopping Plaque

Plaque may harden into tartar in a couple of hours; this is the reason that it is important to floss and brush regularly. The following are the recommended things you should do:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day, two minutes at a time
  • Use a toothbrush you are comfortable with
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush
  • Brush at an angle that includes your gums(45 degrees)
  • Use gentle, short strokes
  • Use fluoride toothpaste
  • Floss once a day


6 ways that make it hard for Tartar to Form

Taking out tartar requires a professional, but there are things you can do that can decrease the amount of plaque in your mouth and control the build-up of tartar. They involve:


A specially formulated toothpaste

  • Tartar-control toothpaste: There was a study conducted comparing the effectiveness of tartar-control toothpaste to a cavity-protection. It found that those using the tartar-control toothpaste had around 35 percent less calculus than those having regular fluoride toothpaste.
  • Toothpaste with baking soda: Baking soda is a bit abrasive. Studies suggest that toothpaste with this ingredient may better take out plaque than toothpaste without it.
  • Skip the charcoal-based toothpaste: charcoal-based toothpaste is not proven to be effective at controlling tartar. They are not even proven to be safe.


Whitening strips

People who regularly use hydrogen peroxide whitening strips with pyrophosphate have less tartar than people who brush their teeth.



Drinking green tea may decrease the number of bacteria in your mouth. 


Eating fresh fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables encourage vigorous chewing, and saliva creation. These types of foods can wash away bacteria in your mouth that create plaque. 


Water flosser

People who use a water flosser plus manual toothbrush have less mouth plaque than people who use a manual toothbrush and string floss.



Mouthwashes that have bacteria-fighting ingredients such as chlorhexidine cetylpyridinium and some oils can fight plaque and tartar. It is essential to note that these rinses must be used in conjunction with brushing and flossing.


Let the pros take Tartar off your Teeth

Periodic professional cleanings take out tartar development. Both traditional and holistic dentists (dentists who care the overall health of the patient, not just his or her oral health) can do a dental cleaning.


Using a hand-held metal scaler (a device with a hook-like end), your dentist or dental hygienist will scrape tartar away. If you contain an excessive amount of tartar that has caused gum disease, your dentist can recommend a deep cleaning that includes scaling and root planing.

  • Plaque and tartar are taken out from both above and below the gum line.
  • Roots of teeth are smoothed to promote reattachment of the gum to the tooth.
  • In some situations, a laser can be used to eliminate bacteria deep within a gum pocket.


How often to have Tartar removed?

The frequency of dental visits depends on your oral health and your dentist’s recommendation.

Most dentists advise having a dental cleaning and checkup every 6 months. You can do it more regularly if you have gum disease or are at risk of having gum disease (for example, if you smoke or have diabetes). People who may require cleanings often include:

  • People with dry mouth, often caused by medications or aging. Saliva does have bacteria; your saliva also helps wash away food particles
  • Those who lack the physical dexterity to brush their teeth properly
  • Those who have conditions avoiding them from fully maintaining a dental hygiene routine


Tartar development is common; however, it can have a harmful effect on your quality of life if left untreated. Daily brushing and flossing, with periodic dental cleanings and checkups, are your best defenses to keep this hardened plaque at bay.

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