How to Prevent Cavities?

Many people in Nungambakkam visit their dentist because of toothaches caused by cavities. However, do you want to visit your dental clinic in Nungambakkam and have a clean record of dental health every time? Knowing the way to prevent cavities will help in ensuring that you do not have to get fillings. But what exactly are cavities? And how do they affect your teeth?

Dr. Ganesh Vaiyapuri Created on 30th Dec, 20

Many people in Nungambakkam visit their dentist because of toothaches caused by cavities. However, do you want to visit your dental clinic in Nungambakkam and have a clean record of dental health every time?

 

Knowing the way to prevent cavities will help in ensuring that you do not have to get fillings. But what exactly are cavities? And how do they affect your teeth?

 

What are Cavities?

Cavities are permanently damaged areas in your teeth’ hard surface that build up into holes or tiny openings. They are also known as caries or tooth decay. A combination of factors such as bacteria in your mouth, sipping sugary drinks, frequent snacking, and not cleaning your teeth properly causes cavities.

 

Tooth decay and cavities are the most common dental problems in Nungambakkam. They are usually found in children, teenagers, and older adults. However, anyone who has teeth can acquire cavities, including infants.

 

If cavities are not treated, they become large and affect the inner layers of your teeth. They can progress into a severe infection, toothache, and tooth loss. Frequent dental visits and efficient brushing and flossing habits are your best prevention against tooth decay and cavities.

 

The tooth decay that progresses to cavities happens when the bacteria in your mouth becomes a sticky plaque on your teeth.

 

When you eat or drink, bacteria utilize the sugars in your food, creating acid as one of its by-products. The sticky plaque keeps the acid against your teeth where it harms your tooth enamel, leading to cavities.

 

How do you Determine that you have Cavities?

The signs and symptoms of cavities differ, depending on their location and extent. When a cavity is forming, you may not get any symptoms. As the decay becomes more extensive, it may cause signs and symptoms, including:

  • Toothache, pain or spontaneous pain that happens without any known cause
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Mild to excessive pain when eating or drinking something sweet, cold or hot
  • Pits or visible holes in your teeth
  • Brown, white or black staining on any surface of your tooth
  • Pain when you bite down

 

Now that you know the signs of cavities, let us discuss how you can prevent them.

 

How can you Prevent Cavities?

Some of the steps you can take to prevent cavities include:

 
Brush your teeth

In the fight against cavities, you must brush your teeth a minimum of twice a day with a toothpaste containing fluoride.​ You can have an everyday toothbrush or an electric toothbrush.

 

Ensure to brush all sides of your teeth: front, top, and back. Brushing your teeth extracts the plaque, but it will occur again after some hours, so you need to brush a minimum twice a day.

 
Floss or clean between your teeth daily

Food particles get stuck in between your teeth when you consume. If the particles are not taken out, it can progress to cavities. Flossing or using an interdental cleaner each day is the best method to remove food particles from in between the teeth.

 
Eat healthily

Proper nutrition has an efficient role in good dental health. Consuming nutritional snacks and reducing the number of sugary drinks will help you prevent plaque from forming on your teeth. Do not habitually have sugary snacks, like hard candy and other snacks that have sugar.

 
Visit your dentist and dental hygienist

Only a dentist or a dental X-ray can detect various cavities. Visiting your dentist in Nungambakkam for daily cleanings and checkups is essential in preventing cavities and being on top of good oral hygiene.

 

You can also consult your dentist whether you need to use supplemental fluoride to strengthen your teeth. The dental hygienist provides you tips for brushing and flossing.

 
Have sealants placed

Dental sealants are a protective coating. It is applied to the biting surfaces of the back teeth. The sealant protects your tooth from having a cavity. Moreover, it is a shield against bacteria and plaque. Sealants form more in children due to the new growth of permanent teeth, but adults can benefit from it as well.

 
Use a mouth rinse

There are many antimicrobial mouth rinses on the market that are clinically proved to decrease plaque. Rinsing with the mouth rinses or brushing after eating can aid in cavity prevention.

 

When to See a Dentist?

You may not know that a cavity is occurring in your teeth. That is why it is essential to get regular dental checkups and cleanings, even when your mouth seems fine. However, if you have frequent toothaches, consult your dentist immediately.

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