Smoking is a common habit in the people of Nungambakkam, Chennai. They smoke so often that it starts to affect their teeth as well. Many people who smoke visit a dental hospital in Chennai seeking advice for their damaged teeth. But what does smoking do to your teeth?
Do you know that smoking tobacco like cigarettes, vape pens, cigars, or pipes, can cause tooth decay and gum disease? It can also affect your dental restoration’s lifespan.
In this article, we have mentioned smoking’s effect on your gums, your teeth, and your dental restorations.
Bacteria: The Real Culprit
You must know that bacteria can enter your mouth from smoking. Bacteria are the leading cause of poor oral health.
The chemicals in tobacco contain particular forms of bacteria. Such bacteria can affect and strain everything in your mouth, including your saliva and your immune response.
Additionally, drier mouths encourage bacterial growth, causing high plaque, tartar, and gum disease.
Smoking makes your mouth’s immune responsiveness weak, making it challenging to counter infection. Your mouth becomes defenseless against everyday bacteria. Also, your mouth becomes vulnerable to the bacteria that smoking brings to your mouth.
Smoking and your Teeth
Smoking negatively affects your teeth’s health. Any form of smoking tobacco causes tooth decay, enamel damage, and discoloration.
- Tooth discolouration: Once you start smoking, it does not take long before your teeth take a yellowish, dull appearance. Vaping, which is considered a ‘better’ substitute for smoking, causes tooth discolouration. Smoking everyday causes early tooth discolouration. It can even make your teeth to become brown or grey.
- Tooth enamel health: Enamel becomes weak due to smoking, as the acids in the smoke wear away at your enamel. It then causes stains, which contribute to tooth discolouration and enamel erosion. Chewing tobacco also harms your enamel. The grit in tobacco causes friction wearing away at your enamel.
- Tooth loss: Smoking increase the risk of tooth decay, which leads to tooth loss. Research indicates that smokers have increased levels of bacteria that lead to tooth decay. Bacteria that cause tooth decay allow plaque and tartar to develop in your mouth. The inflammation around the tooth is caused because the tartar harms the bone, leading to tooth loss.
- Cavities: Huge cavities present near your gum line causes infections and weak teeth, contributing to broken teeth in the long run. You need to have these broken teeth repaired, which can get pricey, sometimes painful.
Smoking and your Gums
Your gums are vital to your overall oral health. They help hold and protect your smile. As you have now understood, you are likely to get bacterial plaque if you smoke or vape.
- Gingivitis: The irritation that occurs because of plaque and tartar build-up from smoking causes this condition. When the smoker’s gums get infected, they have difficulty healing as smoking causes reduced oxygen in the bloodstream. Reduced oxygen can contribute negatively to your gum health.
- Gum disease: When you smoke, you have slower wound healing abilities than non-smokers. It means that gingivitis swiftly leads to gum disease. Smokers have a three and a half times more risk of building gum disease compared to non-smokers. Gum disease from smoking can cause tooth loss and receding gums.
Smoking and Dental Restorations
Smoking affects the lifespan and success of dental restorations. It involves dental implants and dental crowns.
- Dental restoration health: Smokers get gum recession because of gingivitis. Furthermore, gum diseases can lead to uneven margins on crowns and other restorations.
- Dental implant failure: Research indicates that smokers have a high failure rate for dental implants. Experts say that the gums near the implant consistently get exposed to tobacco smoke, leading to implant failure.
- Dental restoration appearance: Smoking dulls the look of your bonding, crowns, fillings, and dentures. Porcelain is a very durable material used for veneers and crowns, but they are not indestructible. Over a while, they may get stained because of tobacco smoke and lose their bright appearance.
You can take specific steps for your oral health. Take the guidance of a specialist, to restore your dental health damaged due to smoking.
However, the best thing you can do for your oral health is to stop smoking. Your doctor may advise you to join a quit smoking program. With your dentist in Nungambakkam, you can learn how to repair and protect your dental health.